Buying a home will likely be the biggest investment you make in your lifetime. Before closing on the house, you'll want to know that no individual or entity has a right, lien or claim to the property.
A title company does all the research to insure that a property has clear title. Making sure that a property is clear of all legal encumbrances is the job of a title company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company performs an extensive search on the title history of the property. The title company can almost always find any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up prior to closing.
Because Real Estate Law is so complicated, you need an expert to make sure that all previous transactions have been correct, so you don't end up with legal problems or a problem selling your property. Your title insurance owner's policy will describe the property and outline the limitations on your ownership. It will also set forth the title company's responsibilities should any claim covered by the policy terms arise. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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